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2019, v.16(04) 64-72

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论中世纪学者樊尚的“自然史”观念
On the Medieval Scholar Vincent de Beauvais' “Natural History”

蒋澈;
JIANG Che;

摘要(Abstract):

中世纪学者博韦的樊尚在百科全书著作《自然之镜》中整理了13世纪以前关于动植物等自然物的文本知识,并在中世纪罕见地提出了"自然史"(historia naturalis)一词作为自己著作的内容。"自然史"的"自然"是12世纪欧洲"自然的发现"的后果,标志着一个纯外在性的领域;"史"则是通过叙事(narratio)为这种脱离于人类的外在性赋予意义的回应策略。
In his Speculum naturale, the medieval scholar Vincent de Beauvais collected knowledge of animals and plants from pre-thirteenth century texts, and proposed historia naturalis as the theme of his work. Natura in historia naturalis was a consequence of "Discovery of Nature" in the twelfth-century in Europe which marked a field of pure externality. Historia in historia naturalis, on the other hand, was Vincent's response to that non-human externality through narratio.

关键词(KeyWords): 博韦的梵尚;自然史;百科全书;自然;自然之镜
Vincent de Beauvais;natural history;encyclopedia;nature;Speculum naturale

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金重大项目“世界科学技术通史研究”(项目编号:14ZDB017)

作者(Author): 蒋澈;
JIANG Che;

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