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2012, v.9(05) 75-89

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“李约瑟问题”辨析 兼评“陈方正-余英时方案”
A Clarification of “Needham Problem” A Comment on “CHEN Fongching - YU Yingshih Solution”

陈晓平;
CHEN Xiaoping

摘要(Abstract):

将"李约瑟问题"从不同的意义上进行分析,对于"强李约瑟问题"本文赞同"陈方正-余英时方案",将其消解掉。对于"弱李约瑟问题"和"任鸿隽问题"则加以保留。在区分"广义科学"和"狭义科学"的基础上提出"任鸿隽-李约瑟问题"。此外,明确了科学的两个基本特征即数学化和实验性,据此对"第一次科学革命"之时段的问题进行讨论。
‘Needham Problem’ is analyzed in different senses. As to ‘Strong Needham Problem’, I endorse ‘Chen Fongching-Yu Yingshih Solution’, which is to eliminate it; as to ‘Weak Needham Problem’ and ‘Ren Hongjun Problem’, I think that they should be retained. On the basis of differentiation between ‘the broad concept of science’ and ‘the narrow concept of science’, I put forward ‘Ren Hongjun-Needham Problem’. Finally I discuss the problem of the period of ‘the first scientific revolution’.

关键词(KeyWords): 李约瑟问题;陈方正-余英时方案;任鸿隽;科学革命
Needham Problem, Chen Fongching-Yu Yingshih Solution, Ren Hongjun, scientific revolution

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金项目10BZX020;; 广东省社会科学“十一五”规划项目09C-01;; 广东省高校人文社科基地重大项目10JDXM72001

作者(Author): 陈晓平;
CHEN Xiaoping

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